Effects of Cattle Grazing on Mountain Meadows in Idaho
Journal of Range Management , 34 , 1981

Leege, T.A., Herman, D.J., Zamora, B.

Vegetation changes which occurred during 12 years of protec- tion from grazing were documented in mountain meadows of north-central Idaho. Plant composition changes were evident on all five sites studied, whereas herbage production was significantly less on the grazed than ungrazed areas at two of the sites. Season- long grazing by cattle has apparently been responsible for decreas- ing production and retarding plant succession. A change in grazing systems would likely increase the carrying capacity for herbivores.