Vegetative Filter Strips: Application, Installation and Maintenance
Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet , AEX-467-94 , 1994
Leeds, R., Brown, L.C., Sulc, M.R., VanLieshout, L.
The loss of sediment, plant nutrients and crop protection products, such as pesticides, from cropland has been identified as a significant environmental problem. Researchers, and state and federal agencies, have developed best management practices (BMPs) to help control the movement of potential agricultural pollutants into water resources. Vegetative filter strips have been identified as a BMP that has the potential to remove substantial amounts of sediment, and some nutrients and pesticides, from cropland and urban runoff. Understanding the proper application, installation and maintenance aspects of filter strips is important for the landowner or farmer, especially before investing time and money. This publication summarizes the key aspects of the application, installation and maintenance of filter strips for Ohio conditions. Filter-strip function and some research findings from across the United States are included. This fact sheet is intended for farmers and landowners who have a basic knowledge of best management practices, and for educational, technical and regulatory agency personnel who work with farmers and landowners in Ohio. Extension Fact Sheet AEX-466 provides a general overview of filter strips, and AEX-468 summarizes the economic benefits of various filter strip options compared to a corn-soybean rotation. In addition, much of the water terminology used in this publication is defined in AEX-460. These and other publications are available through your county office of Ohio State University Extension. For technical assistance with the planning, design and layout of a filter strip, contact your county USDA-Soil Conservation Service (SCS) office.