Reducing the Risk of Ground Water Contamination by Improving Livestock Holding Pen Management
Texas Agricultural Extension Service: TexASyst , 1997

Harris, B.L. , Hoffman, D. W., Mazak Jr., F.J.

Open lots or holding pens for feeding or holding livestock can be sources of ground water contamination. The potential for livestock feed yards or holding pens to pollute ground water depends on site selection, stocking density and slope. Other good reasons for improving management practices include herd health, ease of maintenance, odor control and fly control.