Storm Water Technology Fact Sheet: Infiltration Trench
Urban development is significantly increasingcsurface runoff and contamination of local watersheds. As a result, infiltration practices, such as infiltration trenches, are being employed to remove suspended solids, particulate pollutants, coliform bacteria, organics, and some soluble forms of metals and nutrients from storm water runoff. As shown in Figure 1, an infiltration trench is an excavated trench, 0.9 to 3.7 meters (3 to 12 feet) deep, backfilled with a stone aggregate, and lined with filter fabric. A small portion of the runoff, usually the first flush, is diverted to the infiltration trench, which is located either underground or at grade. Pollutants are filtered out of the runoff as it infiltrates the surrounding soils. Infiltration trenches also provide groundwater recharge and preserve baseflow in nearby streams.