Surface Water Pollution from Livestock Production
South Dakota State University Cooperative Extension Service , 2002

Shumacher, J.

The improper management of livestock wastes (manure) can cause surface and groundwater pollution. Water pollution from animal production systems can be by direct discharge, runoff, and/or seepage of pollutants to surface or ground water. Pollutants are sediment, nutrients, pesticides, organic matter, salts, and micro-organisms. Polluted surface water can kill fish, cause odors, spread infectious bacteria, and inhibit water-related activities. The main livestock pollutants in surface water: • Organic matter and excess nutrients • Pathogen contamination