Best management practices for pathogen control in manure management systems
University of Minnesota Extension , M1211 , 2007
Goyal, S., Spiehs, M.
Livestock waste contains many microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and protozoa. While some are pathogens capable of causing disease in animals and/or humans, many are not harmful. All livestock producers have an important role in limiting pathogen movement from their operation to the environment. The purpose of this bulletin is to provide livestock producers with tools to help control pathogens in their production system. The best management practices (BMPs) addressed in this paper will focus on animal management and housing, dietary modifications, production management, land application of manure, and the chemical and biological treatment of stored manure. Because of the number and variety of pathogens present in livestock waste, adequate control of pathogens may require multiple management interventions to achieve significant reduction of pathogens in a manure management system.