Off-stream Watering with Fencing and Off-stream Watering without Fencing Practices: Definitions and Nutrient and Sediment Reduction Efficiencies
Dillaha, T.A., Simpson, T., Weammert, S.
Offstream watering with fencing: This BMP incorporates both alternative watering and installation of fencing that excludes narrow strips of land along streams from pastures and livestock with management of the alternative watering area so it does not become a source of sediment or phosphorus. • Effectiveness Estimates: 25% TN, 30% TP and 40% TSS Offstream watering without fencing: This BMP requires the use of alternative drinking water sources away from streams to reflect partial removal of livestock from near stream areas and relocation of animal waste deposition areas and heavy traffic areas surrounding water sources to more upland locations with management of the alternative drinking watering area so it does not become a source of sediment or phosphorus. • Effectiveness Estimates: 15% TN, 22% TP and 30% TSS