Field test of best management practice pollutant removal efficiencies in Shenzhen, China
Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering in China , 3 , 2009
Zhang, R., Zhou, W., Field, R., Tafuri.A., Lu, S.L., Jin, K.
This paper presents a study on the use of best management practices (BMPs) for controlling nonpoint pollution in the Xikeng Reservoir watershed located in Shenzhen, China. A BMP treatment train design, including a pond, a wetland, and a buffer strip placed in series was implemented at the reservoir location. A separate grass swale was also constructed at the site. Low impact development (LID) BMPs, namely a planter box and bioboxes, were used at the parking lot of the reservoir’s Administration Building. Samples were collected during storm events and were analyzed for total suspended solids (TSS), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N), and total phosphorus (TP). The removal efficiencies of both BMP systems were evaluated using the Efficiency Ratio (ER) method based on the event mean concentration (EMC) data. In summary, the pond/wetland treatment train removed 70%–90% of TSS, 20%–50% ofBOD5, and 30%–70% of TP and NH3-N. The swale removed 50%–90% of TSS, 30%–55% of BOD5, – 10%– 35% of NH3-N, and 25%–70% of TP. For the planter box and biobox, the ranges of removal rates were 70%–90%, 20%–50%, and 30%–70% for TSS, BOD5, and ammonia and phosphorus, respectively.